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Eur Spine J. 2014 Jan;23(1):180-91. doi: 10.1007/s00586-013-2894-2. Epub 2013 Jul 27.

Surgical treatment of Scheuermann's kyphosis using a combined antero-posterior strategy and pedicle screw constructs: efficacy, radiographic and clinical outcomes in 111 cases.

Author information

  • 1German Scoliosis Center, Werner Wicker Clinic, Im Kreuzfeld 4, 34537, Bad Wildungen, Germany, heiko.koller@t-online.de.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

There is sparse literature on how best to correct Scheuermann's kyphosis (SK). The efficacy of a combined strategy with anterior release and posterior fusion (AR/PSF) with regard to correction rate and outcome is yet to be determined.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A review of a consecutive series of SK patients treated with AR/PSF using pedicle screw-rod systems was performed. Assessment of demographics, complications, surgical parameters and radiographs including flexibility and correction measures, proximal junctional kyphosis angle (JKA + 1) and spino-pelvic parameters was performed, focusing on the impact of curve flexibility on correction and clinical outcomes.

RESULTS:

111 patients were eligible with a mean age of 23 years, follow-up of 24 months and an average of eight levels fused. Cobb angle at fusion level was 68° preoperatively and 37° postoperatively. Flexibility on traction films was 34 % and correction rate 47 %. Postoperative and follow-up Cobb angles were highly correlated with preoperative bending films (r = 0.7, p < 0.05). Screw density rate was 87 %, with increased correction with higher screw density (p < 0.001, r = 0.4). Patients with an increased junctional kyphosis angle (JKA + 1) were at higher risk of revision surgery (p = 0.049). 22 patients sustained complication, and 21 patients had revision surgery. 42 patients with ≥24 months follow-up were assessed for clinical outcomes (follow-up rate for clinical measures was 38 %). This subgroup showed no significant differences regarding baseline parameters as compared to the whole group. Median approach-related morbidity (ArM) was 8.0 %, SRS-sum score was 4.0, and ODI was 4 %. There was a significant negative correlation between the SRS-24 self-image scores and the number of segments fused (r = -0.5, p < 0.05). Patients with additional surgery had decreased clinical outcomes (SRS-24 scores, p = 0.004, ArM, p = 0.0008, and ODI, p = 0.0004).

CONCLUSION:

The study highlighted that AR/PSF is an efficient strategy providing reliable results in a large single-center series. Results confirmed that flexibility was the decisive measure when comparing surgical outcomes with different treatment strategies. Findings indicated that changes at the proximal junctional level were impacted by individual spino-pelvic morphology and determined by the individually predetermined thoracolumbar curvature and sagittal balance. Results stressed that in SK correction, reconstruction of a physiologic alignment is decisive to achieving good clinical outcomes and avoiding complications.

PMID:
23893052
[PubMed - in process]
PMCID:
PMC3897835
[Available on 2015/1/1]
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