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Brain Res. 2013 Sep 19;1531:37-47. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2013.07.025. Epub 2013 Jul 23.

Decreased parvalbumin mRNA expression in dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in Parkinson's disease.

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  • 1Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, USA.

Abstract

It has recently been shown that expression of the rate-limiting GABA-synthesizing enzyme glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) is decreased in Brodmann area 9 (BA9) of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) in Parkinson's disease (PD) compared to control brains (Lanoue, A.C., Dumitriu, A., Myers, R.H., Soghomonian, JJ., 2010. Exp. Neurol. 206 (1), 207-217). A subpopulation of cortical GABAergic interneurons expresses the calcium-binding protein parvalbumin and plays a critical role in the control of pyramidal neuron excitability and the generation of cortical gamma frequency oscillations. In view of its key role in the physiology of the cerebral cortex, we sought to determine whether the expression of parvalbumin and the number of parvalbumin-expressing neurons are altered in BA9 of PD brains. First, isotopic in situ hybridization histochemistry was used to examine mRNA expression of parvalbumin on post-mortem brain sections. Second, immunohistochemistry and design-based stereology were used to determine the density of parvalbumin-positive interneurons in BA9. Quantification of mRNA labeling at the single cell level showed a significant decrease in parvalbumin expression in PD cases. In contrast, neuronal density of parvalbumin-positive neurons was not significantly different between PD and controls. Results confirm that the GABAergic system is altered in the DLPFC in PD and identify the contribution of parvalbumin-expressing neurons in these alterations. We speculate that these effects could contribute to altered cortical excitability and oscillatory activity previously documented in PD.

© 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

GABA; Gene expression; Parkinson′s disease; Parvalbumin; Prefrontal cortex; mRNA

PMID:
23891794
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3816277
Free PMC Article
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