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Virology. 2013 Sep;444(1-2):394-403. doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2013.07.006. Epub 2013 Jul 23.

The severe pathogenicity of alveolar macrophage-depleted ferrets infected with 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza virus.

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  • 1Laboratory of Influenza Research, College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, South Korea.

Abstract

The in vivo role of alveolar macrophages in the infections with 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza virus is not as yet known. Ferret study shows that alveolar macrophages are critical for lowering the risk of severe outcomes in 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza virus infections. Up to 40% of the infected ferrets depleted of alveolar macrophages died, with elevated body temperature and major loss of body weight in contrast to infected ferrets not depleted of alveolar macrophages. The higher viral titers in the lungs were detected in infected ferrets depleted of alveolar macrophages than infected ferrets not depleted of alveolar macrophages 5 days after infection. The inflammatory chemokines were induced at greater levels in the lungs of infected ferrets depleted of alveolar macrophages than in those of infected ferrets not depleted of alveolar macrophages. Our study implies that alveolar macrophages are important for controlling the infections of 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza virus.

© 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Alveolar macrophages; Inflammatory responses; Influenza virus

PMID:
23890814
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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