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Neurology. 2013 Aug 27;81(9):808-11. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0b013e3182a2cc38. Epub 2013 Jul 24.

C9ORF72 expansions, parkinsonism, and Parkinson disease: a clinicopathologic study.

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  • 1Sheffield Institute for Translational Neuroscience, Sheffield Children's NHS Foundation Trust, Western Bank, UK.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the histopathologic bases for the observed incidence of parkinsonism in families with C9ORF72 expansions, which typically cause amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and/or frontotemporal dementia.

METHODS:

DNA was extracted from 377 brains with the histopathologic diagnosis of idiopathic Parkinson disease or related disorders and analyzed for C9ORF72 expansions. α-Synuclein and p62 immunohistochemistry of the substantia nigra (SN) was undertaken in brains of 17 ALS cases with (C9ORF72+) and 51 without (C9ORF72-) the C9ORF72 expansion.

RESULTS:

Only 1 of 338 cases with pathologically confirmed idiopathic Parkinson disease had a C9ORF72 expansion. Similarly, only 1 of 17 C9ORF72+ brains displayed features suggestive of α-synucleinopathy. In contrast, p62-positive, TDP-43-negative neuronal cytoplasmic inclusions within the SN were considerably more frequent in C9ORF72+ brain tissue than in the C9ORF72- brains (p = 0.005). Furthermore, there was a more marked loss of dopaminergic neurons in the SN of C9ORF72+ ALS brains than C9ORF72- ALS brains (p = 0.029).

CONCLUSIONS:

SN involvement is common in C9ORF72+ ALS but can be clearly distinguished from Parkinson disease-related mechanisms by the presence of p62-positive inclusions and the absence of α-synuclein-positive Lewy bodies or Lewy neurites.

PMID:
23884045
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3908460
Free PMC Article
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