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J Community Hosp Intern Med Perspect. 2012 Jul 16;2(2). doi: 10.3402/jchimp.v2i2.17814. Print 2012.

Preventing the inappropriate treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria at a community teaching hospital.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Lutheran Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.

Abstract

The goal of this study was to assess the overtreatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) in hospitalized patients, calculate the total costs of inappropriate treatment, and determine if a multi-faceted educational intervention was effective in reducing the overtreatment of ASB in a resource-limited community hospital. The study encompassed three phases: a retrospective pre-intervention assessment of the baseline cost and treatment of ASB, the implementation of a multi-faceted educational intervention, and a prospective post-intervention assessment of the efficacy of the intervention. A positive urine culture was defined by bacterial counts ≥10(5) cfu/mL. In the pre-intervention group, 64 (83%) of 109 patients were asymptomatic: 30 (47%) were treated. In the post-intervention group, 13 (17%) of 55 patients were asymptomatic: 2 (15%) were treated, (p=0.04). Fewer urine cultures were collected during the post-intervention period than the pre-intervention period (3,127 and 3,419, respectively) (p<0.001). The total cost of inappropriately treating ASB in the pre-intervention group was $1200 compared to $600 in the post-intervention group. The results demonstrated a significant decrease in the inappropriate treatment of ASB and the associated costs.

KEYWORDS:

disease management; economics; guideline adherence; practice guidelines as topic; prevention and control; trends; urinary tract infections

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