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Trauma Violence Abuse. 2013 Oct;14(4):305-15. doi: 10.1177/1524838013495962. Epub 2013 Jul 22.

Intimate partner violence victimization and cigarette smoking: a meta-analytic review.

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  • 11Division of Substance Abuse, Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.


The current meta-analytic review represents the first comprehensive empirical evaluation of the strength of the relationship between intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization and cigarette smoking. Thirty-nine effect sizes, drawn from 31 peer-reviewed publications, determined the existence of a small to medium composite effect size for the victimization-smoking relationship (d = .41, 95% confidence interval = [.35, .47]). Results indicate that victims of IPV are at greater smoking risk than nonvictims. Subsequent moderator analyses indicated that the association between victimization and smoking is moderately stronger among pregnant compared to nonpregnant victims. The strength of the victimization-smoking relationship did not differ by relationship type or ethnicity. More research is needed on the smoking behavior of male victims, victims of psychological violence, and victims who identify as Latino/Latina. It would be useful for professionals working with IPV victims to assess for smoking and incorporate smoking prevention and cessation skills in intervention settings.


battered women; batterers; dating violence; domestic violence; smoking

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