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Ann Rehabil Med. 2013 Jun;37(3):320-7. doi: 10.5535/arm.2013.37.3.320. Epub 2013 Jun 30.

The accuracy of the swallowing kinematic analysis at various movement velocities of the hyoid and epiglottis.

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  • 1Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the accuracy of the swallowing kinematic analysis.

METHODS:

To evaluate the accuracy at various velocities of movement, we developed an instrumental model of linear and rotational movement, representing the physiologic movement of the hyoid and epiglottis, respectively. A still image of 8 objects was also used for measuring the length of the objects as a basic screening, and 18 movie files of the instrumental model, taken from videofluoroscopy with different velocities. The images and movie files were digitized and analyzed by an experienced examiner, who was blinded to the study.

RESULTS:

The Pearson correlation coefficients between the measured and instrumental reference values were over 0.99 (p<0.001) for all of the analyses. Bland-Altman plots showed narrow ranges of the 95% confidence interval of agreement between the measured and reference values as follows: 0.14 to 0.94 mm for distances in a still image, -0.14 to 1.09 mm/s for linear velocities, and -1.02 to 3.81 degree/s for angular velocities.

CONCLUSION:

Our findings demonstrate that the distance and velocity measurements obtained by swallowing kinematic analysis are highly valid in a wide range of movement velocity.

KEYWORDS:

Biomechanics; Deglutition; Reproducibility of results

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