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Clin Lab. 2013;59(5-6):589-96.

The effect of intermedin on angiotensin II and endothelin-1 induced ventricular myocyte hypertrophy in neonatal rat.

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  • 1Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Intermedin (IMD), a novel peptide related to calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and adrenomedullin (ADM), may have localized actions as a modulator of cardiac function. The aim of the study is to explore the effect of IMD on angiotensin II (Ang II) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) induced hypertrophy in ventricular myocytes of neonatal rat and to try to elucidate the possible mechanism.

METHODS:

Neonatal rat cardiomyocytes were cultured in serum-free medium with and without AngII (1 micromol/L) or ET-1 (60 micromol/L) in the presence and absence of IMD (1 micromol/L). Hypertrophic responses (including cell surface area, alpha-actin, and beta-myosin heavy chain mRNA expression) and cardiomyocyte expression of NADPH oxidase gp91phox were determined.

RESULTS:

Ang II induced increases in cardiomyocyte size to 305 +/- 32 microm2 (n = 198, p < 0.05, at 48 hours), alpha-actin expression to 4 +/- 2.8-fold (n = 6, p < 0.05, at 48 hours) and beta-myosin heavy chain expression to 11 +/- 4.8-fold (n = 6, p < 0.05, at 48 hours), and expression of the gp91phox subunit of NADPH oxidase to 29.4 +/- 12.7-fold (n = 6, p < 0.05, at 48 hours). These effects were all significantly inhibited by IMD; cardiomyocyte size, alpha-actin expression, beta-myosin heavy chain expression, and gp91phox expression were reduced to 265 +/- 32 microm2 (n = 374, p < 0.05), 3.0 +/- 1.7-fold (n = 6, p < 0.05), 8.7 +/- 4.9-fold (n = 6, p < 0.05), 3.9 +/- 3-fold (n = 6, p < 0.05), respectively. IMD also significantly inhibited ET1-induced increases in cardiomyocyte size and superoxide generation.

CONCLUSIONS:

IMD exerts an antihypertrophic effect on neonatal cardiomyocytes by reduced levels of superoxide, suggesting that an antioxidant action contributes to the antihypertrophic actions of IMD.

PMID:
23865358
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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