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Korean J Parasitol. 2013 Jun;51(3):357-61. doi: 10.3347/kjp.2013.51.3.357. Epub 2013 Jun 30.

Prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in household cats in Korea and risk factors.

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  • 1Division of Malaria & Parasite Disease, Korea National Institute of Health, Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Cheongwon 363-951, Korea.

Abstract

Several epidemiological surveys have reported the prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in stray cats in Korea, but little information is available on T. gondii infection in household cats. The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence and risk factors of T. gondii infection among household cats reared in Seoul, Korea. A total of 474 blood samples were collected from clinically healthy household cats. All samples were tested using ELISA and PCR. The risk factor analysis was based on a questionnaire filled out by the owners. The overall positive rate for ELISA and PCR assays was 2.2% (10/437) and 2.1% (10/474), respectively. With regard to the origin of cats, the positive rates among cats adopted from the animal shelter and veterinary clinic for stray cats were significantly different (P<0.05). Our study demonstrated that the positive rate of T. gondii infection in household cats was low and that this low prevalence was assumed to be associated with keeping the cats indoors and restriction of eating raw food and uncooked meat. Therefore, we suggest that the owners check the origin of the cats prior to adoption to prevent infection of other animals, including humans.

KEYWORDS:

ELISA; PCR; Toxoplasma gondii; household cat; risk factor

PMID:
23864749
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3712112
Free PMC Article

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