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J Sch Nurs. 2014 Aug;30(4):303-8. doi: 10.1177/1059840513497800. Epub 2013 Jul 17.

Gender differences in reasons to quit smoking among adolescents.

Author information

  • 1Institute for Healthy Living and Chronic Disease Prevention, University of British Columbia's Okanagan Campus, Kelowna, BC, Canada.
  • 2Centre de recherche du CHUM (CRCHUM), Montreal, QC, Canada Department of Exercise Science, Concordia University, QC, Canada.
  • 3Centre de recherche du CHUM (CRCHUM), Montreal, QC, Canada.
  • 4Centre de recherche du CHUM (CRCHUM), Montreal, QC, Canada Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Montréal, Montreal, QC, Canada


It is well established that many adolescents who smoke want to quit, but little is known about why adolescents want to quit and if reasons to quit differ across gender. The objective of this study was to determine if reasons to quit smoking differ in boys and girls. Data on the Adolescent Reasons for Quitting (ARFQ) scale were collected in mailed self-report questionnaires in 2010-2011 from 113 female and 83 male smokers aged 14-19 years participating in AdoQuest, a longitudinal cohort study of the natural course of the co-occurrence of health-compromising behaviors in children. Overall, the findings indicate that reasons to quit in boys and girls appear to be generally similar, although this finding may relate to a lack of gender-oriented items in the ARFQ scale. There is a need for continued research to develop and test reasons to quit scales for adolescents that include gender-oriented items.

© The Author(s) 2013.


adolescent; gender identity; motivation; smoking cessation

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