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PLoS One. 2013 Jul 5;8(7):e67591. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0067591. Print 2013.

miR-26a and its target CKS2 modulate cell growth and tumorigenesis of papillary thyroid carcinoma.

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  • 1Department of Nuclear Medicine, Shanghai 10th People's Hospital, School of Medicine, Tongji University, Shanghai, China.



While many studies have shown that levels of miR-26a are lower in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), the role and mechanism of miR-26a in PTC are unclear.


We used database searches to select potential mRNA targets of miR-26a. Anti-miR-26a, miR-26a mimic, siRNA for CKS2 and their effects on cell growth, cell-cycle distribution and colony formation were evaluated. We also evaluate the over-expressed miR-26a in TPC-1 cells in severe combined immune-deficient mice. We used luciferase reporter assays, real-time PCR and western blot analysis to measure the expression and activity of miR-26a, CKS2, and related factors such as cyclin B1, cyclin A, cdk1, bcl-xl and Akt. Finally, we measured the relationship between the levels of miR-26a and CKS2 in PTC and normal thyroid tissues.


Relative to normal thyroid tissues, miR-26a is consistently down-regulated in TPC specimens, and CKS2 was identified as a potential target. Up-regulated miR-26a expression or down-regulated CKS2 expression in TPC-1 and CGTH W3 cells lines caused G2 phase-arrest. Decreased miR-26a expression or increased CKS2 expression could have inverse function on PTC cell lines. CyclinB1, cyclinA, bcl-xl and AKt are indirectly regulated by miR-26a in a CKS2-dependent manner. Finally, CKS2 is overexpressed in PTC specimens relative to normal thyroid tissue, and a significant inverse correlation exists between miR-26a and CKS2 expression in clinical PTC specimens.


Our data indicate that miR-26a functions as a growth-suppressive miRNA in PTC, and that its suppressive effects are mediated mainly by repressing CKS2 expression.

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