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Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2013 Dec;65(12):2015-23. doi: 10.1002/acr.22074.

Exercise/physical activity and weight management efforts in Canadians with self-reported arthritis.

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  • 1Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe the exercise/physical activity and weight management efforts of Canadians with self-reported arthritis, to examine factors associated with their engagement in these strategies to help manage their arthritis, and to explore reasons for lack of engagement.

METHODS:

Data were from the arthritis component of the 2009 Survey on Living with Chronic Diseases in Canada. The responses (78% response rate; n = 4,565) were weighted to be representative of Canadians (ages ≥20 years) with arthritis. Logistic regression analyses were used to examine factors associated with engaging in exercise/physical activity and weight control/loss (among overweight/obese respondents) for arthritis management purposes.

RESULTS:

Individuals with arthritis were mostly women (63%), ages ≥45 years (89%), overweight/obese (67%), married (68%), and white (87%), with postsecondary education (69%). Sixty-three percent were exercising and of those who were overweight or obese, 68% were trying to control/lose weight; only 46% were engaged in both. Having received a clinical recommendation was the factor most strongly associated with engaging in exercise/physical activity and/or controlling/losing weight. The most common reason for not exercising was a coexisting health condition/problem (22%), while the most common reason for not controlling/losing weight among those who were overweight/obese was that it was felt not to be necessary (51%).

CONCLUSION:

The provision of clinical recommendations from a health professional, providing advice on safe and suitable exercises/physical activities, as well as addressing misperceptions of the need to lose weight among the overweight/obese, may facilitate engagement in these health behaviors and ultimately reduce the consequences of arthritis.

© Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada 2013.

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