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Adv Exp Med Biol. 2013;789:97-103. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4614-7411-1_14.

Effect of valsalva maneuver-induced hemodynamic changes on brain near-infrared spectroscopy measurements.

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  • 1Institute for Human Movement and Medical Sciences, Niigata University of Health and Welfare, 1398 Shimami-cho, Kita-ku, Niigata-shi, Niigata, 950-3198, Japan, tsubaki@nuhw.ac.jp.

Abstract

Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is widely used to measure human brain activation on the basis of cerebral hemodynamic response. However, a limitation of NIRS is that systemic changes influence the measured signals. The purpose of this study was to clarify the relationship between NIRS signals and blood pressure during the Valsalva maneuver. Nine healthy volunteers performed a 20-s Valsalva maneuver to change their blood pressure. Changes in oxyhemoglobin (O2Hb) concentration were measured with 34 channels with an inter-optode distance of 30 mm for deep-penetration measurements (deepO2Hb) and 9 channels with an inter-optode distance of 15 mm for shallow-penetration measurements (shallowO2Hb). The difference value (diffO2Hb) between deepO2Hb and shallowO2Hb was calculated. Mean arterial pressure (MAP) was recorded by volume clamping the finger pulse, and skin blood flow changes were measured at the forehead. Pearson's correlation coefficients between deepO2Hb and MAP, shallowO2Hb and MAP, and diffO2Hb and MAP were 0.893 (P < 0.01), 0.963 (P < 0.01), and 0.831 (P < 0.01), respectively. The results suggest that regional and systemic changes in the cardiovascular state strongly influence NIRS signals.

PMID:
23852482
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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