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Cancer Gene Ther. 2013 Aug;20(8):469-77. doi: 10.1038/cgt.2013.42. Epub 2013 Jul 12.

Extranodal induction of therapeutic immunity in the tumor microenvironment after intratumoral delivery of Tbet gene-modified dendritic cells.

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  • 1Department of Immunology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.


Murine dendritic cells (DC) transduced to express the Type-1 transactivator T-bet (i.e. mDC.Tbet) and delivered intratumorally as a therapy are superior to control wild-type DC in slowing the growth of established subcutaneous MCA205 sarcomas in vivo. Optimal antitumor efficacy of mDC.Tbet-based gene therapy was dependent on host natural killer (NK) cells and CD8(+) T cells, and required mDC.Tbet expression of major histocompatibility complex class I molecules, but was independent of the capacity of the injected mDC.Tbet to produce proinflammatory cytokines (interleukin-12 family members or interferon-γ) or to migrate to tumor-draining lymph nodes based on CCR7 ligand chemokine recruitment. Conditional (CD11c-DTR) or genetic (BATF3(-/-)) deficiency in host antigen-crosspresenting DC did not diminish the therapeutic action of intratumorally delivered wild-type mDC.Tbet. Interestingly, we observed that intratumoral delivery of mDC.Tbet (versus control mDC.Null) promoted the acute infiltration of NK cells and naive CD45RB(+) T cells into the tumor microenvironment (TME) in association with elevated expression of NK- and T-cell-recruiting chemokines by mDC.Tbet. When taken together, our data support a paradigm for extranodal (cross)priming of therapeutic Type-1 immunity in the TME after intratumoral delivery of mDC.Tbet-based gene therapy.

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