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Chem Biol Interact. 2013 Sep 25;205(2):138-47. doi: 10.1016/j.cbi.2013.06.016. Epub 2013 Jul 9.

Protective effects of naringenin on carbon tetrachloride-induced acute nephrotoxicity in mouse kidney.

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  • 1Department of Histology, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Dentistry, Vasile Goldis Western University of Arad, 86 Rebreanu str., 310414 Arad, Romania.


The ability of naringenin (NGN) to protect the kidney against CCl4-induced renal toxicity in male Swiss mice was investigated. The flavonoid was given orally to mice for 7days and then on the 8th day, these were intraperitoneally injected with 10mmol/kg CCl4. When the toxicant was administrated alone, an increase of malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration was observed and a significant decrease in superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) glutathione-peroxidase (GPx) specific activities as well as glutathione (GSH) levels was detected after 24h. These were accompanied by glomerular and tubular degenerations, vascular congestion, necrosis and fatty changes. Marked collagen deposition and strong TGF-β1 expression were observed mainly in the mesangial cells of the glomeruli and tubulointerstitial areas. Ultrastructural investigations showed proximal and distal tubular epithelial cells alterations including numerous lysosomes and dense granular bodies, altered mitochondria, appearance of "myeloid bodies" and basal enfolding dilatation. Pre-treatment with NGN resulted in the return of biochemical markers to control values. Histopathological and electron-microscopic examinations confirmed the biochemical results. In conclusion, NGN showed antioxidant and renal protective effects against injuries induced by CCl4.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.


Antioxidant effects; CCl(4); Naringenin; Nephroprotection; Oxidative stress

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