Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
Eur Psychiatry. 2014 May;29(4):239-45. doi: 10.1016/j.eurpsy.2013.06.001. Epub 2013 Jul 8.

DSM-IV-TR Axes-I and II mental disorders in a representative and referred sample of unemployed youths - results from a psychiatric liaison service in a job centre.

Author information

  • 1University of Duisburg-Essen, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Wickenburgstr. 21, 45147 Essen, Germany. Electronic address: Volker.Reissner@uni-due.de.
  • 2University of Duisburg-Essen, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Wickenburgstr. 21, 45147 Essen, Germany.
  • 3University of Hamburg, Clinic and Polyclinic for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Martinistr. 52, 20246 Hamburg, Germany.
  • 4University of Duisburg-Essen, Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Virchowstr. 174, 45147 Essen, Germany.
  • 5Institute for Employment Research, Regensburger Str. 104, 90478 Nürnberg, Germany.



Increased levels of anxiety, depression and alcohol abuse are associated with unemployment. This study compares both DSM-IV-TR Axis-I and Axis-II mental disorders between a representative and a referred sample of unemployed youths aged 16.0 to 24.9.


One hundred subjects were randomly recruited on the premises of the vocational services centre in the urban region of Essen, Germany (representative sample, RS). One hundred and sixty-five subjects constituting the 'clinical sample' (CS) were preselected and referred by case managers to the on-site psychiatric liaison service. Structured Clinical Interviews for DSM-IV (SCID-I and -II), measures of psychopathology and health service utilization were administered.


Ninety-eight percent and 43% of CS and RS subjects fulfilled DSM-IV criteria for mental disorders. Mood-, anxiety- and substance-related disorders were the most common Axis-I disorders in both samples. Personality disorders were diagnosed significantly more frequently in the CS. Despite the more severe psychopathology in subjects with mental disorders from the CS compared to the RS, no differences were found for recent mental health service utilisation.


Because the sample of unemployed youths referred by case managers was significantly more disturbed in psychiatric terms, such a pre-selection is deemed useful in conjunction with a psychiatric liaison service on the premise of a job centre.

Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.


Health service utilisation; Mental health; Personality disorder; Youth unemployment

[PubMed - in process]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk