Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Int J Hematol. 2013 Aug;98(2):223-30. doi: 10.1007/s12185-013-1391-z. Epub 2013 Jul 11.

Feasibility of reduced-intensity conditioning followed by unrelated cord blood transplantation for primary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis: a nationwide retrospective analysis in Japan.

Author information

  • 1Department of Hematology/Oncology, Osaka Medical Center and Research Institute for Maternal and Child Health, 840 Murodo, Izumi, Osaka 594-1101, Japan. asawada@mch.pref.osaka.jp


A nationwide retrospective analysis was performed on patients who received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for primary or familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) in Japan. The present analysis investigated whether reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) followed by cord blood transplantation (CBT) (RIC-CBT) is feasible, compared to the outcomes of myeloablative conditioning and bone marrow transplantation. Based on the JSHCT data, 53 patients were analyzed. The overall survival rate (OS) was 65.4 ± 6.6 %. RIC-CBT (n = 13) was not inferior to other methods. Patients with a performance status of PS 4 (ECOG scale) with HLH-associated severe organ dysfunction during the initiation of conditioning had extremely poor outcomes. The OS rate in the RIC-CBT patients, excluding those with a performance status 4, was 80.0 ± 12.6 %. RIC may reduce treatment-related mortality; in addition, patients with engraftment failure, which is the main adverse event following RIC-CBT, were successfully rescued with secondary CBT. Unrelated cord blood may represent an alternative source if a patient has no related donor. As a RIC regimen for CBT, 140 mg/m(2) melphalan with fludarabine and anti-lymphocyte globulin or anti-thymocyte globulin may be feasible, but further dosage optimization should be performed in controlled clinical trials.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Springer
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk