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Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2013 Sep;171(2):396-402. doi: 10.1007/s12010-013-0378-9. Epub 2013 Jul 11.

Curcumin inhibits the Sortase A activity of the Streptococcus mutans UA159.

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  • 1Center of Stomatology, Tongji Hospital of Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, No. 1095, Jiefang Road, Wuhan 430030, People's Republic of China, gloriaping@126.com.

Abstract

Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) forms part of the commensal microflora and is deemed to be the major pathogen responsible for the generation of dental caries. The enzyme, sortase A enzyme, modulates the surface properties and cariogenicity of S. mutans. Curcumin has been reported to be an inhibitor of Staphylococcus aureus sortase A. In this study, inhibition of a purified S. mutans UA159 sortase A by curcumin was evaluated. Curcumin exerted strong inhibitory activity with a half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of 10.2 ± 0.7 μM which was lower than the minimum inhibitory concentration of 175 μM and the minimum bactericidal concentration of 350 μM. These results indicated that curcumin is a S. mutans UA159 sortase A inhibitor and therefore represents as a promising anticaries agent.

PMID:
23842671
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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