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Neurol Sci. 2014 Mar;35(3):449-57. doi: 10.1007/s10072-013-1490-x. Epub 2013 Jul 6.

Bone marrow stromal cells promote neurite outgrowth of spinal motor neurons by means of neurotrophic factors in vitro.

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  • 1Department of Histology and Embryology, Medical College, Nantong University, 19 Qixiu Road, Nantong, 226001, JS, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

Transplantation of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) into spinal cord injury models has shown significant neural function recovery; however, the underlying mechanisms have not been fully understood. In the present study we examined the effect of BMSCs on neurite outgrowth of spinal motor neuron using an in vitro co-culture system. The ventral horn of the spinal grey matter was harvested from neonatal Sprague-Dawley rats, cultured with BMSCs, and immunostained for neurofilament-200 (NF-200). Neurite outgrowth of spinal motor neurons was measured using Image J software. ELISA was used to quantify neurotrophic factors such as brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) and nerve growth factor (NGF) in culture media, and antibodies or exogenous neurotrophic factors were used to block or mimic the effect of BMSCs on neurite outgrowth, respectively. The results showed that neurite outgrowth significantly increased in spinal motor neurons after co-cultured with BMSCs, while the secretion level of BDNF, GDNF and NGF was dramatically elevated in co-culture. However, the neurite outgrowth-promoting effect of BMSCs was found to significantly reduced using antibodies to BDNF, GDNF and NGF. In addition, a fraction of BMSCs was found to exhibit NF-200 immunoreactivity. These results indicated that BMSCs could promote neurite outgrowth of motor neurons by means of neurotrophic factors. The findings of the present study provided new cues for the treatment of spinal cord injury.

PMID:
23832111
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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