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Immunol Allergy Clin North Am. 2013 Aug;33(3):395-408, ix. doi: 10.1016/j.iac.2013.02.008. Epub 2013 Apr 12.

Airways disorders and the swimming pool.

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  • 1Department of Sport sciences and Physical education, Université Droit et Santé Lille 2, E.A. 4488, Lille F-59000, France. valerie.bougault@univ-lille2.fr


Concerns have been expressed about the possible detrimental effects of chlorine derivatives in indoor swimming pool environments. Indeed, a controversy has arisen regarding the possibility that chlorine commonly used worldwide as a disinfectant favors the development of asthma and allergic diseases. The effects of swimming in indoor chlorinated pools on the airways in recreational and elite swimmers are presented. Recent studies on the influence of swimming on airway inflammation and remodeling in competitive swimmers, and the phenotypic characteristics of asthma in this population are reviewed. Preventative measures that could potentially reduce the untoward effects of pool environment on airways of swimmers are discussed.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Airways; Asthma; Chlorine; Exercise; Swimming

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