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Shi Yan Sheng Wu Xue Bao. 1990 Mar;23(1):57-69.

[Immuno-electron microscopical studies on the retinal basement membrane of chick embryo].

[Article in Chinese]

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  • 1Shanghai Institute of Cell Biology, Academia Sinica.


Retinal basement membrane (RBM), also called inner limiting membrane of retina, is constituted by extracellular matrix. It was reported that neurite outgrowth of a neuron was closely related to extracellular matrix, particularly the laminin. In this laboratory RBM was used as the optimal substrate for retinal cells in culture. We have studied the surface of RBM and its relation to neurite outgrowth by scanning electronmicroscopy and immunogold transmission electronmicroscopy. RBM could be separated by mechanical disruption of the retina mounted between 2 adhesive substrata (membrane filter and poly-L-lysine coated glass). The surface of RBM studied was the side of RBM facing the optic fiber layer and ganglion cell layer. Small particles densely distributed on surface of RBM (Plate I, Fig. 1 and 2) were shown to be chrysanthemum-like structures with radiative arms under the scanning electronmicroscopy (Plate I, Fig. 3 and 4). The radiative arms of RBM of 12-day old chick embryo (E 12) were more in number and longer in length than that of the 6-day old chick embryo (E 6). The axons of ganglion cell from E 6 retinal strip extended out very well on RBM (Plate I, Fig. 5). Growth cone was active with filopodia. The chrysanthemum-like structures changed to ball-particles when the RBM was cultured for 24 hr. Some of ball-particles lay over the growth cone, and some beside it. Over and beside the nerve fiber could also be seen some ball-particles. When many neurites grew on RBM, a lot of ball-particles were shown to be displaced and piled up (Plate I, Fig. 6). The whole amount RBM labeled by indirect immunogold staining of Müller glial cell could be observed by transmission electronmicroscopy. The gold particles wer located at the chrysanthemum-like structure of E 6 RBM (Plate II, Fig. 7) and E 12 RBM (Plate II, Fig. 8). It was suggested that those structures were the end foot of Müller glial cells. Staining of PBS control or mouse serum control was negative (Plate II, Fig. 9 and 10).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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