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Nanoscale. 2013 Aug 21;5(16):7321-7. doi: 10.1039/c3nr01648j. Epub 2013 Jul 2.

Electrofluorescence switching of tetrazine-modified TiO2 nanoparticles.

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  • 1Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Yonsei University, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-749, Korea.


Highly fluorescent tetrazine-modified TiO2 nanoparticles were prepared by the reaction of triethoxysilane-appended chloroalkoxy tetrazine (ESTZ) with TiO2 nanoparticles through a condensation reaction between the surface hydroxyl groups of an electrode and the silane anchor group of ESTZ. The prepared electrodes were used as robust fluorescent layers for electrochemical fluorescence switching (electrofluorochromism) applications in the presence of 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-1-piperidinyloxy (TEMPO) as a charge balancing mediator. The stable charge balancing mediator, TEMPO, in the electrolyte was found to be essential to reduce the intrinsic electron transport resistance of TiO2 in order to achieve reversible electrofluorescence switching. Furthermore it facilitated a fully reversible electrochemical reaction and provided a sufficient charge balance, which allowed us to realize semiconductor-based electrofluorescence switching with an on/off ratio of 4.0 and cyclability greater than 100 cycles.

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