Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Nephrol. 2013;38(1):12-8. doi: 10.1159/000351764. Epub 2013 Jun 25.

Fatty acids and other risk factors for sudden cardiac death in patients starting hemodialysis.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA. allfried@iupui.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Little is known about risk factors for sudden cardiac death in hemodialysis patients during the high-risk first year of dialysis. We therefore undertook to identify such risk factors in a nationally representative cohort and were able to include baseline levels of blood fatty acids, some of which influence arrhythmogenicity and sudden cardiac death risk.

DESIGN:

The study cohort included 100 patients who died of sudden cardiac death during the first year of hemodialysis and 300 frequency-matched controls. Using the elastic net statistical method, numerous demographic and clinical characteristics were included with baseline total serum levels for 11 major fatty acids (model 1) and with serum phospholipid fractions of these same fatty acids (model 2). Final models included only covariates that had a non-zero coefficient.

RESULTS:

In model 1, serum albumin [odds ratio (95% CI): 0.55 (0.33-0.93); p = 0.03] and total serum long-chain n-3 docosapentaenoic acid [0.70 (0.51-0.97); p = 0.03] were inversely associated with the odds of sudden cardiac death, while the total serum saturated fatty acid level had a direct association [1.01 (1.00-1.02); p = 0.03]. In model 2, serum albumin and docosapentaenoic acid remained inversely associated with sudden cardiac death in a similar manner as in model 1. Pulse pressure also had an inverse association [0.96 (0.93-1.00); p < 0.05].

CONCLUSIONS:

Several factors, including blood content of docosapentaenoic acid and saturated fatty acids, were associated with the odds of sudden cardiac death during year one of hemodialysis. These results raise the possibility that dietary modification may reduce sudden death risk.

Copyright © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.

PMID:
23816975
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3856432
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for S. Karger AG, Basel, Switzerland Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk