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J Clin Diagn Res. 2013 May;7(5):914-6. doi: 10.7860/JCDR/2013/5251.2974. Epub 2013 Mar 21.

Vivax malaria presenting with myelitis: a rare complication.

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  • 1Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine, Calcutta National Medical College , Kolkata, India .


Neurological complications may occur with the Plasmodium falciparum infection. However, the association of neurological manifestations with vivax malaria remains doubtful. Of late, there are isolated case reports/studies which have implicated P. vivax in the pathogenesis of severe malaria which is characterized by the features of different organ dysfunctions, which were previously thought to be caused by P. falciparum alone. Though several case studies have mentioned the association of the P. vivax infection with cerebral malaria, a causal correlation has yet to be established. Dorsal cord myelitis (which leads to paraplegia) during the febrile illness, is rarely described in association with vivax malaria, though there are reports on the Post Malaria Neurological Syndrome (PMNS) and acute disseminated encephalomyelitis following vivax malaria. We are reporting a case of P. Vivax malaria which presented with myelitis, which responded well to the antimalarial treatment.


Dorsal cord myelitis; Neurological complication; P. vivax malaria

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