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Ann Hepatol. 2013 Jul-Aug;12(4):548-55.

Association of plasma visfatin with hepatic and systemic inflammation in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.

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  • 1Department of Gastroenterology, Gulhane School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey. zhgenc@yahoo.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Visfatin is a proinflammatory and insulin-mimetic adipokine contributing to whole body glucose and lipid metabolism. Studies to date are conflicting regarding the relationship between visfatin and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship of circulating visfatin with NAFLD.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

The study included 114 NAFLD patients and 60 healthy non-diabetic controls. Plasma visfatin, adiponectin, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels were measured by ELISA. High sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP) levels were measured by immunoturbidimetric fixed rate method. Insulin sensitivity determined by homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR) index.

RESULTS:

TNF-α, IL-6 and hsCRP levels were higher and, Adiponectin levels were lower in NAFLD group when compared to healthy controls (p < 0.001, for all). However, no difference was found regarding to visfatin levels between two groups. Different histologic subgroups of NAFLD had a significantly higher TNF-α, IL-6 and hsCRP, and lower adiponectin levels than those with controls (p < 0.001, for all). On the other hand, no statistically significant difference was found regarding to visfatin levels among different histologic groups. Visfatin was found to be negatively correlated with TNF-α (r = -0.236, p = 0.011) in NAFLD group. However, no association was found between visfatin and histological findings.

CONCLUSION:

Our findings show that plasma visfatin levels are not altered in the early stages of NAFLD. However, it is inversely associated with TNF-α. These findings suggest a role for visfatin in protection against liver injury in this widespread disease.

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PMID:
23813132
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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