Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Adipocyte. 2013 Apr 1;2(2):61-6. doi: 10.4161/adip.22929.

The TLR family protein RP105/MD-1 complex: A new player in obesity and adipose tissue inflammation.

Author information

  • 1Department of Immunobiology and Pharmacological Genetics; Graduate School of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Science for Research; University of Toyama; Toyama, Japan.

Abstract

The radioprotective 105 (RP105)/MD-1 complex is a member of the Toll-like receptor (TLR) family of proteins. We have previously reported that this complex cooperates with the essential lipopolysaccharide (LPS) receptor TLR4/MD-2 complex and plays a crucial role in LPS responses by B cells. Recent evidences suggest that TLRs can also recognize endogenous ligands and promote non-infectious chronic inflammation. For instance, TLR4/MD-2 can be ligated by adipose tissue-derived saturated free fatty acids (FAs) and induce adipose tissue inflammation and insulin resistance. Recently, we reported that RP105 knockout (KO) or MD-1 KO mice have less high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity, adipose tissue inflammation and insulin resistance than wild-type (WT) or TLR4 KO mice. As RP105/MD-1 is not involved in recognition of palmitic and stearic acids, which are endogenous ligands for TLR4/MD-2, we conclude that RP105/MD-1 is itself a key regulator of diet-induced chronic inflammation in adipose tissue, obesity and insulin resistance that appears to be independent of the TLR4-dependent pathway. In this mini-review, we will highlight the significance of the RP105/MD-1 complex in adipose tissue inflammation and discuss implications for human diseases.

KEYWORDS:

Toll-like receptor; chronic inflammation; innate immunity; insulin resistance; metabolic disorder

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Taylor & Francis Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk