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Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol. 2013 Aug;35(4):497-504. doi: 10.3109/08923973.2013.805764. Epub 2013 Jun 27.

A study on the immunomodulation of polysaccharopeptide through the TLR4-TIRAP/MAL-MyD88 signaling pathway in PBMCs from breast cancer patients.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Laboratory, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Polysaccharopeptide (PSP), isolated from the Coriolus versicolor COV-1 strain, has been widely used as an immunoadjuvant for cancer immunotherapy.

OBJECTIVE:

The present study was undertaken to examine the role of PSP on the TLR4-TIRAP/MAL-MyD88 signaling pathway in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from breast cancer patients.

METHODS:

For blockade of TLR4, cells were cultured with or without PSP and anti-TLR4 for 24 h, and then the mRNA and proteins (IL-12, IL-6, and TNF-α) levels in each group were detected by Q-PCR and ELISA. Meanwhile, Q-PCR and western blot analysis were used to detect the expression of TLR4-TIRAP/MAL-MyD88 pathway genes and proteins under the regulation of PSP.

RESULTS:

As anticipated, the transcription and expression of genes (IL-12 and TNF-α) in the anti-TLR4 group were significantly downregulated compared with the control group, while genes (IL-12, IL-6 and TNF-α) in the PSP group were significantly upregulated. Moreover, the mRNA levels in the PSP+anti-TLR4 group were significantly upregulated compared with the anti-TLR4 group. The results of ELISA were as the same as Q-PCR. Genes, kinase phosphorylation levels and proteins in the TLR4 pathway were significantly upregulated by PSP.

CONCLUSIONS:

Collectively, our study revealed that PSP has an immunoregulatory effect through regulation of the TLR4-TIRAP/MAL-MyD88 signaling pathway.

PMID:
23802631
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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