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Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2013 Sep;122(3):248-52. doi: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2013.04.004. Epub 2013 Jun 22.

Vaginal cuff dehiscence after hysterectomy.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea.



To determine the incidence of vaginal cuff dehiscence (VCD) among women undergoing hysterectomy according to clinico-surgical factors including surgical route, and to describe patient characteristics associated with VCD.


In a retrospective study, the medical records of all women who underwent hysterectomy between January 2005 and March 2011 at a university teaching hospital in Seoul, Republic of Korea, were reviewed. The incidence of VCD was determined in relation to the following factors: patient age, hysterectomy route, indication for hysterectomy, and extent of resection (either simple or radical hysterectomy).


Among 9973 hysterectomies, 37 (0.37%) cases of VCD were identified. The incidence of VCD was significantly higher after abdominal hysterectomy (0.6%) than after laparoscopic (0.2%) or vaginal (0.4%) hysterectomy (P=0.016). Compared with laparoscopic approaches, abdominal hysterectomy was associated with a higher risk of VCD (odds ratio, 2.735; 95% confidence interval, 1.380-5.420). However, there was no significant difference in the incidence of VCD according to surgical indication or extent of resection.


Laparoscopic hysterectomy was found to be associated with a lower risk of VCD compared with abdominal hysterectomy. The lower risk is probably related to the different techniques used for colpotomy and cuff closure.

Copyright © 2013 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.


Complication; Hysterectomy; Laparoscopy; Vault dehiscence

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