Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Int J Ment Health Syst. 2013 Jun 25;7:18. doi: 10.1186/1752-4458-7-18. eCollection 2013.

Implementing a court diversion and liaison scheme in a remand prison by systematic screening of new receptions: a 6 year participatory action research study of 20,084 consecutive male remands.

Author information

  • 1National Forensic Mental Health Service, Central Mental Hospital, Dundrum 14, Dublin, Ireland ; Department of Psychiatry, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland.
  • 2National Forensic Mental Health Service, Central Mental Hospital, Dundrum 14, Dublin, Ireland.
  • 3Irish Prison Service, Dublin, Ireland.



A mental health needs assessment in the Irish prison population confirmed findings from other jurisdictions showing high prevalence of severe mental illness, including psychosis amongst those newly committed. We implemented a participatory action research approach in order to provide an integrated mental health prison in-reach and court liaison service for this population.


Following extensive consultation, a two stage screening process was developed which was supplemented by an inter-agency referral management system. During the six years 2006-2011, all 20,084 new remands to the main remand prison serving 58% of the national population were screened. Following the first stage screen, 3,195 received a comprehensive psychiatric assessment. Of these 561 (2.8%) had symptoms of psychosis - corresponding to the prior research finding - and 572 were diverted from the criminal justice system to mental health services (89 to a secure forensic hospital, 164 to community mental health hospitals and 319 to other community mental health services).


We have shown that it is possible to match research findings in clinical practice by systematic screening, to sustain this over a long period and to achieve consistent levels of diversion from the criminal justice system to appropriate mental health services. The sustained and consistent performance of the model used is likely to reflect the use of participatory action research both to find the most effective model and to achieve wide ownership and cooperation with the model of care.


Court diversion; Court liaison; Prison psychiatry; Psychiatric illness; Screening

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for BioMed Central Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk