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Clin Psychol Rev. 2013 Aug;33(6):763-71. doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2013.05.005. Epub 2013 Jun 7.

Mindfulness-based therapy: a comprehensive meta-analysis.

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  • 1Department of Psychology, Université de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada. b.el-khoury@umontreal.ca

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Mindfulness-based therapy (MBT) has become a popular form of intervention. However, the existing reviews report inconsistent findings.

OBJECTIVE:

To clarify these inconsistencies in the literature, we conducted a comprehensive effect-size analysis to evaluate the efficacy of MBT.

DATA SOURCES:

A systematic review of studies published in journals or in dissertations in PubMED or PsycINFO from the first available date until May 10, 2013.

REVIEW METHODS:

A total of 209 studies (n=12,145) were included.

RESULTS:

Effect-size estimates suggested that MBT is moderately effective in pre-post comparisons (n=72; Hedge's g=.55), in comparisons with waitlist controls (n=67; Hedge's g=.53), and when compared with other active treatments (n=68; Hedge's g=.33), including other psychological treatments (n=35; Hedge's g=.22). MBT did not differ from traditional CBT or behavioral therapies (n=9; Hedge's g=-.07) or pharmacological treatments (n=3; Hedge's g=.13).

CONCLUSION:

MBT is an effective treatment for a variety of psychological problems, and is especially effective for reducing anxiety, depression, and stress.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Meditation; Meta-analysis; Mindfulness; Treatment outcome

PMID:
23796855
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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