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Hum Immunol. 2013 Sep;74(9):1194-8. doi: 10.1016/j.humimm.2013.06.018. Epub 2013 Jun 15.

Investigation of juvenile idiopathic arthritis susceptibility loci: results from a Greek population.

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  • 1Rheumatology Unit, 4th Department of Internal Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Hippocration Hospital, Thessaloniki, Greece.


The strategy of studying the putative role of RA susceptibility genetic factors in the development of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), an autoimmune disease characterized by persistent chronic arthritis, has been proven highly successful so far. Moreover, accumulated evidence indicates that an ethnic heterogeneity of genetic factors exists for rheumatic disorders. We investigated whether five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), previously found to be associated with JIA in various populations so far, are also associated with JIA in Greece. The sample set consisted of 128 Caucasian JIA patients and 221 healthy controls from Northern Greece. Five Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) markers, namely TRAF1/C5 rs10818488, PTPN22 rs2476601, STAT4 rs7574865, CD247 rs1773560 and PTPN2 rs7234029 SNPs were genotyped in a case-control study with Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLPs) or Taqman primer-probe sets. This study demonstrated for the first time in a Greek population that the PTPN22, TRAF1/C5 and CD247 polymorphisms examined are associated with an increased susceptibility to JIA, thus suggesting that the respective risk alleles may confer susceptibility to clinically distinct disorders. However, our results did not demonstrate any association of STAT4 and PTPN2 SNPs with the disease in our population, thus highlighting the importance of comparative studies in different ethnic populations.

Copyright © 2013 American Society for Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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