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Nurs Health Sci. 2013 Dec;15(4):480-8. doi: 10.1111/nhs.12061. Epub 2013 Jun 18.

Reliability and validity of the Algase Wandering Scale - version 2 for Japanese people with dementia.

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  • 1School of Nursing, The Japanese Red Cross College of Nursing, Tokyo, Japan.


In Japan, where older people already make up more than 23% of the population and the proportion is still growing, the burden on those caring for people with dementia is an increasing problem. This burden is magnified by wandering behavior, a peripheral symptom. Thus, there is a need for an objective measure of wandering behavior to determine what constitutes effective care. In this study, we translated the Algase Wandering Scale - Version 2 into Japanese, and examined its reliability and validity. Ambulatory residents with dementia were selected from two nursing homes and two wards specializing in dementia care in hospitals in Japan. Nurses and care workers taking care of these residents answered questionnaires regarding the residents. From the results, the Algase Wandering Scale - Version 2, Japanese version, was examined for inter-rater reliability, stability, internal consistency, and concurrent validity. The results of the analysis in the present study demonstrated that the Algase Wandering Scale - Version 2, Japanese version, has reliability and validity, and that it can measure the presence or absence of wandering and its severity. Surveys of residents with various wandering patterns in many facilities and verification of construct validity are warranted in the future.

© 2013 Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.


Algase Wandering Scale - Version 2; Japan; dementia; objective measure; wandering behavior

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