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J Gerontol Soc Work. 2013;56(5):388-406. doi: 10.1080/01634372.2013.791906. Epub 2013 Jun 14.

Generational differences in Japanese Americans' preferred senior service environments.

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  • 1School of Social Work, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98105-6299, USA.


Japanese American social service agencies and senior centers were created during the 1970s based on the needs of the first (Japanese-speaking) and second (bilingual) generations of Japanese Americans. In 2011, the oldest baby boomers turned 65. Acculturated, English-speaking Japanese American baby boomers may have different preferences about types of services and activities. This study compared the preferences of 230 Japanese American baby boomers and 183 seniors regarding ethnic-specific and nonethnic-specific social service and senior center environments. Despite acculturation, the baby boomers preferred the mixed service environment that included both Japanese-specific and nonethnic-specific activities, suggesting the importance of maintaining Japanese culture.

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