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Anal Chem. 2013 Jul 2;85(13):6190-4. doi: 10.1021/ac400844p. Epub 2013 Jun 14.

Controlled generation of double emulsions in air.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195-17000, USA.


This Letter describes the controlled generation of double emulsions in the gas phase, which was carried out using an integrated emitter in a poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) microfluidic chip. The integrated emitter was formed using a molding approach, in which metal wires with desirable diameters were used as emitter molds. The generation of double emulsions in air was achieved with electrohydrodynamics actuation, which offers controllable force exerting on the double emulsions. We developed this capability for future integration of droplet microfluidics with mass spectrometry (MS), where each aqueous droplet in the microchannel is introduced into the gas phase as a double emulsion for subsequent ionization and MS analysis.

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