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Chemistry. 2013 Jul 15;19(29):9592-8. doi: 10.1002/chem.201300438. Epub 2013 Jun 13.

Microemulsion-assisted preparation of a mesoporous ferrihydrite/SiO2 composite for the efficient removal of formaldehyde from air.

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  • 1State Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology for Materials Synthesis and Processing, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, P. R. China.

Abstract

Mesoporous ferrihydrite/SiO2 composites were synthesized according to a water-in-oil microemulsion method and characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetry, nitrogen-adsorption/desorption, and by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The as-prepared porous ferrihydrite/SiO2 composites showed an excellent adsorption performance for formaldehyde (HCHO) removal from indoor air at ambient temperature. It was found that the aging time during the synthesis had a significant impact on the pore structure, surface area, and HCHO adsorption of these materials. The ferrihydrite/SiO2 composite that was aged for 3 h in the presence of tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) exhibited a relatively high HCHO adsorption capacity, as well as good recyclability, which was attributed to a relatively large BET surface area, optimal pore size, a suitable Si/Fe atomic ratio, and a synergistic effect between ferrihydrite and SiO2. This work not only demonstrates that porous ferrihydrite/SiO2 composites can act as an efficient adsorbent toward HCHO, but suggests a new route for the rational design of cost-effective and environmentally benign adsorbents with high performance for indoor air purification.

Copyright © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

KEYWORDS:

adsorption; composite materials; formaldehyde; nanostructures; porous materials

PMID:
23765954
[PubMed]
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