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EPMA J. 2013 Jun 13;4(1):15. doi: 10.1186/1878-5085-4-15.

Genetic polymorphisms of collagen type I α1 chain (COL1A1) gene increase the frequency of low bone mineral density in the subgroup of children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis.

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  • 1Hospital Pediatric Department, Saint-Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University, Lytovskaya 2, Saint-Petersburg 194100, Russia.



Collagen type I is one of the key proteins involved in the maturation, development and mineralization of bone. Genetic polymorphisms of collagen type I alpha-1 chain (COL1A1) gene are associated with low bone mineral density and higher risk of fractures in adults and children. We hypothesize that the polymorphic alleles and genotypes of COL1A1 gene influence bone mineralization and metabolism in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA).


We recruited 196 children with JIA in our study. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured by lumbar spine dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Osteocalcin, Ca, Ca2+ and inorganic phosphate (Pi) were utilized for the assessment of bone metabolism. Molecular testing: Sp1 (rs1800012) and -1997G/T (rs1107946) polymorphisms of COL1A1 gene were detected RFLP.


No differences in genotype, allele and haplotype distribution of COL1A1 were detected among children with normal and low BMD (LBMD; <-2 standard deviation). The presence of GG genotype of Sp1 increased the incidence of LBMD in Tanner II to III children (odds ratio (OR) = 9.7 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.2; 81.7], p = 0.02) as well as GG genotype of -1997G/T increased the frequency of LBMD in Tanner IV to V children (OR = 4.5 [95% CI, 0.9; 22.0], p = 0.048). Tanner I children with -1997GG genotype had lower Ca2+ and osteocalcin and higher Pi compared with carriers of -1997Т allele. Tanner IV to V children with -1997GG genotype had lower BMD and BMD-Z score than carriers of -1997Т.


The evaluation of the biologic effects of the GG Sp1 and GG of -1997G/T polymorphism of COL1A1 has shown negative effect on BMD and mineral turnover related to pubertal stage.

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