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Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 2013 Jun;138(25-26):1347-52. doi: 10.1055/s-0033-1343227. Epub 2013 Jun 12.

[Arterial hypertension: guideline acceptance and implementation in workaday life of internists and general practitioners in Thuringia].

[Article in German]

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  • 1Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Universitätsklinikum Jena.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:

Although evidence-based medical guidelines are widely accepted it is not clear how they are implemented in daily clinical work. The aim of this study was a Thuringia-wide analysis of hypertension diagnosis and treatment in clinical practice of internists and general practitioners, combined with the evaluation of guideline implementation.

METHODS:

1884 Thuringian internists and general practitioners were interviewed using a postally delivered, validated questionnaire to assess knowledge and implementation of the hypertension guidelines.

RESULTS:

33,4 % of the physicians participated in our survey (433 general practitioners, 197 internists). 98 % of the participants routinely treat hypertension. Internists reported significantly more frequently to treat patients with resistance to antihypertensive therapy. Compared with older physicians and general practitioners, internists were significantly more likely to initiate diagnostic procedures for secondary hypertension according to the guidelines. Long-term measurement of arterial blood pressure in patients with more than three antihypertensive drugs and in cases of suspected endorgan damage or sleep apnea syndrome was more frequently applied by internists. 82,1 % of the participants reported to prescribe nonpharmacological therapies because of their efficacy. ACE-inhibitors (41,6 %) and beta-blockers (34,6 %) were preferred for monotherapy of hypertension without risk factors. ACE-inhibitors (80,1 %), followed by angiotensin receptor antagonists (12,1 %), were primarily selected in hypertensive patients with diabetic nephropathy. In left-ventricular hypertrophy, ACE inhibitors were favoured, too (67%).

CONCLUSION:

This survey indicates that in clinical practice doctors treat hypertensives according to official guidelines. However, there is a need for further education especially regarding indication of long-term measurement of arterial blood pressure. Continued education related to diagnosis and treatment of arterial hypertension and implementation of guidelines remains a permanent challenge for doctors.

© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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