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J Rehabil Res Dev. 2013;50(2):183-92.

Effects of structured vocational services in ex-offender veterans with mental illness: 6-month follow-up.

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  • 1ACOS Research and Development, VA North Texas Health Care System, 4500 S Lancaster Road 151, Dallas, TX 75216, USA.


With more than 200,000 veterans incarcerated, a significant need exists for the development of technologies that help veterans with felony histories return to employment. This study evaluated the effect of three methods of vocational assistance on competitive employment over a 6 mo follow-up period: (1) basic vocational services, (2) self-study using a vocational manual designed for formerly incarcerated veterans, and (3) a group led by vocational staff using the vocational manual. We evaluated 111 veterans for time to obtain and total time of competitive employment. The group format was expected to be superior to the self-study and the self-study superior to basic services. Findings indicated that the group format was associated with quicker employment and more total employment than the basic and self-study conditions. Limitations and directions for future refinement are discussed.

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