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Kidney Int. 2013 Dec;84(6):1246-53. doi: 10.1038/ki.2013.221. Epub 2013 Jun 12.

Long-term hemodynamic and molecular effects persist after discontinued renin-angiotensin system blockade in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus.

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  • 1Division of Nephrology, Toronto General Hospital and Banting and Best Diabetes Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.


Animal studies suggest temporary renin-angiotensin system (RAS) blockade enhances long-term vascular protective effects; however, this is not established in humans. Here we evaluated the long-term effects of prior RAS blockade on hemodynamic function, urinary measures of inflammation, and tissue antioxidant mRNA expression in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) who participated in the 5-year Renin Angiotensin System Study (RASS). At 4 years after completing the RASS and discontinuing study medication, renal hemodynamic responses to clamped hyperglycemia were significantly greater in 18 patients in the RAS blockade group compared to 9 patients of the placebo-treated group. Individuals who had received RAS blockade also exhibited higher flow-mediated vasodilatation, reduced urinary cytokine excretion in response to hyperglycemia, and increased skin mRNA expression of superoxide dismutase-1 and catalase. Thus, patients with uncomplicated T1DM who received prior RAS blockade for 5 years maintain long-term effects on renal hemodynamic and systemic vascular function, inflammatory pathways in the kidney, and antioxidant enzyme expression in skin 4 years after discontinuation of therapy. Our findings suggest that sustained long-term protective effects of finite RAS inhibition requires further study.

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