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J Dance Med Sci. 2013;17(2):70-8.

Stressors, recovery processes, and manifestations of training distress in dance.

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  • 1School of Sport Science, Exercise & Health, M408, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia 6009, Australia.


Dancers are expected to maintain consistently high levels of performance capability and to perform on demand. To meet these expectations, they subject their bodies to long hours of intensive physical training. Such training regimens are often combined with tight rehearsal and performance schedules, which over time can lead to persistent fatigue, psychological distress, performance decrements, and injury. A similar process has been observed as a consequence of high-intensity training in many different sports, and considerable sport-related research has been devoted to identifying the antecedents, the symptoms that are experienced, and the most cost-effective ways of monitoring symptom development. This paper presents a general heuristic framework for understanding this "training distress process" and discusses the framework with specific reference to dance.

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