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Bioresour Technol. 2013 Aug;142:490-7. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2013.05.062. Epub 2013 May 22.

Long term effects of divalent ferrous ion on the activity of anammox biomass.

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  • 1Key Laboratory of Industrial Ecology and Environmental Engineering, Ministry of Education of China, School of Environmental Science and Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, PR China.


In this study, we explored the effects of Fe(II) on the activity of anammox biomass both in short and long terms. With the influent Fe(II) at 0.09 and 0.12 mM, continuous experiments demonstrated that the nitrogen removal rates increased 32.2% and 29.9% compared to that with normal Fe(II) level (0.03 mM). Influent Fe(II) variation could affect the total Fe, heme c levels and hydrazine dehydrogenase activity. At the Fe(II) concentration of 0.09 mM, the total Fe, heme c levels inside anammox cell and hydrazine dehydrogenase activity could increase about 2.0, 2.1 and 2.35 folds as much as that with normal Fe(II) level. However, when the Fe(II) elevated to 0.18 mM, it would cause a mal-effect on anammox bacteria and further deteriorate nitrogen removal performance. It was indicated that the appropriate increase of Fe(II) was beneficial for more heme c synthesis, enhancement of hydrazine dehydrogenase activity, the growth of anammox bacteria.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Anammox; Enzyme activity; Fe effects; Heme c; Long term

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