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Compr Psychiatry. 2013 Oct;54(7):850-5. doi: 10.1016/j.comppsych.2013.03.013. Epub 2013 Jun 5.

Anger in women with premenstrual dysphoric disorder: its relations with premenstrual dysphoric disorder and sociodemographic and clinical variables.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Yenimahalle State Hospital, Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address:



The aim of the present study was to investigate anger and anger levels in women meeting the criteria of Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder and to determine the relation between anger levels and the severity of PMDD and other variables.


50 women meeting the criteria of Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder and 50 healthy controls were included in the study. Sociodemographic, familial and reproductive period characteristics of the women participating in the study were recorded. All subjects were administered the State-Trait Anger Scale and Premenstrual Syndrom Scale scales.


A significant difference was found between the Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder group and the healthy control group in terms of Premenstrual Syndrom Scale scores and anger sub scores. When the state trait anger scale scores were examined, it was seen that subscles had higher scores compared to healthy women. In Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder group; there was a positive correlation between Premenstrual Syndrom Scale scores and trait anger, anger-in and anger control scores.


Anger appears to be an important problem that makes life more difficult for subjects with Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder. Wide-scale further studies focused on anger and its relation with Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder are needed to develop ways of coping with anger in Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder.

Crown Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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