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Eur Radiol. 2013 Nov;23(11):3185-90. doi: 10.1007/s00330-013-2922-y. Epub 2013 Jun 12.

Inter-reader agreement of the ESUR score for prostate MRI using in-bore MRI-guided biopsies as the reference standard.

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  • 1Medical Faculty, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Dusseldorf, Moorenstr. 5, 40225, Dusseldorf, Germany.



The recent European Society of Urogenital Radiology (ESUR) guidelines for evaluation and reporting of prostate multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mp-MRI) include the Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS). The aim of this study was to investigate the inter-reader agreement of this scoring system.


One hundred and sixty-four lesions in 67 consecutive patients with elevated prostate-specific antigen and previously negative trans-rectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided biopsy were scored retrospectively by three blinded readers using PI-RADS. Mp-MRI was performed at 3 T using T2-weighted, diffusion-weighted and dynamic contrast-enhanced imagings (T2WI, DWI, DCE-MRI). Histology of all lesions was obtained by in-bore MRI-guided biopsy. Cohen's kappa statistics were calculated for all readers.


Inter-reader agreement for all lesions was good to moderate (T2WI, κ = 0.55; DWI, κ = 0.64; DCE-MRI, κ = 0.65). For tumour lesions it was good (T2WI, κ = 0.66; DWI, κ = 0.80; DCE-MRI, κ = 0.63) and for benign lesions moderate to good (T2WI, κ = 0.46; DWI, κ = 0.52; DCE-MRI, κ = 0.67). Using an overall PI-RADS score with a threshold of ≥10, we achieved a sensitivity of 85.7 %, and negative predictive value of 90.1 % for biopsied lesions.


PI-RADS score shows good to moderate inter-reader agreement and enables standardised evaluation of prostate mp-MRI, with high sensitivity and negative predictive value.


• The European Society of Urogenital Radiology recently published guidelines for prostate MRI. • We have evaluated inter-reader agreement of ESUR scoring for multiparametric prostate MRI. • PI-RADS shows good to moderate inter-reader agreement and is clinically applicable. • PI-RADS achieves in our series high sensitivity and negative predictive value for biopsied lesions. • PI-RADS can be used as standardised scoring system in prostate cancer detection.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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