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Tumori. 2013 Mar-Apr;99(2):139-44. doi: 10.1700/1283.14182.

Phase II trial of combination chemotherapy with gemcitabine, 5-fluorouracil and cisplatin for advanced cancers of the bile duct, gallbladder, and ampulla of Vater.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Sanggye Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

AIMS AND BACKGROUND:

For advanced cancers of the bile duct, gallbladder and ampulla of Vater, there are only a few treatment options. We explored the efficacy of the combination of gemcitabine, 5-fluorouracil and cisplatin for advanced biliary cancers.

METHODS:

From September 2003 to April 2010, 28 patients with recurrent or metastatic biliary tract cancer were enrolled. A treatment regimen consisting of gemcitabine (800 mg/m² at a fixed dose rate on days 1 and 8), 5-fluorouracil (1 g/m²/day continuous infusion for 4 days) and cisplatin (60 mg/m² on day 2) was repeated every 3 weeks.

RESULTS:

One (3.6%) patient showed complete response, 8 (28.6%) partial response, 14 (50%) stable disease and 5 (17.9%) disease progression. Overall, the objective response rate was 32.1% (95% CI, 17.9-50.6%) and the disease control rate was 82.1% (95% CI, 64.4-92.1%). Median progression-free survival and overall survival were 7.6 months (95% CI, 5.5-9.7) and 11.2 months (95% CI, 6.8-15.5), respectively. G3/4 neutropenia was observed in 44 (24.3%) of 181 cycles and G3/4 thrombocytopenia in 48 (26.5%) of 181 cycles. There was no treatment-related mortality.

CONCLUSIONS:

The combined regimen of gemcitabine, 5-fluorouracil and cisplatin has comparable activity for patients with advanced cancer of the bile duct, gallbladder and ampulla of Vater. Toxicity was tolerable but substantial.

PMID:
23748804
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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