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Exp Clin Transplant. 2013 Oct;11(5):426-8. doi: 10.6002/ect.2013.0013. Epub 2013 Jun 6.

Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt for a wait list patient is not a contraindication for orthotopic liver transplant outcomes.

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  • 1Department of General Surgery and Organ Transplantation, Umberto I Policlinic of Rome, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy.



A transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt for treating recurrent variceal bleeding or refractory ascites can be used as bridge therapy in patients awaiting a liver transplant. However, incorrect placement of the transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt may complicate surgery during a liver transplant. This study sought to analyze a cohort of transplanted recipients to underscore whether transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts can negatively affect liver transplant outcomes.


We retrospectively analyzed 207 patients who had undergone a liver transplant between January 2001 and December 2009 in the Rome "La Sapienza" center. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt was performed before the liver transplant in 36 cases (17%). The analyzed population was stratified into 2 groups (no transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt [n=171 ] and transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt [n=36 ]), and patient survival outcomes were compared.


In the no-transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt group, 60 of 171 deaths (35%) were reported, 20 of which were seen in the first 3 months after the liver transplant. In the same group, 61 graft losses (36%) were observed, with 19 of which were seen in the first 3 months after the liver transplant. In transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt group, 12 of the 36 deaths (33%) were seen; 5 patients died within 3 months of the liver transplant. In this latter group, 12 grafts (33%) were lost, 4 of which were reported during the first 3 months after surgery. The median patient survival was 64 months and 69 months in the 2 groups. On survival analysis, no significant differences were found between the 2 groups.


Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt does not seem to affect outcomes after a liver transplant. We suggest that clinicians recognized the location of the stent to prevent any difficulty during surgery.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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