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Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi. 2013 Jun;30(3):266-9. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.1003-9406.2013.03.003.

[Mutation analysis of CRYBB1 gene and prenatal diagnosis for a Chinese kindred featuring autosomal dominant congenital nuclear cataract].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

  • 1Center of Prenatal Diagnosis, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan 450052, P.R. China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To perform mutation screening and prenatal diagnosis for a five-generation Chinese pedigree with autosomal dominant congenital nuclear cataract from Henan province by DNA sequencing.

METHODS:

Blood samples were taken from the family members. Four candidate genes (CRYBA1/A3, CRYBB1, CRYBB2 and CRYGD) were screened for mutations using direct sequencing. Prenatal genetic diagnosis was provided for a fetus at early gestation through chorionic villus sampling.

RESULTS:

A missense mutation, c.387C to A, was detected in exon 4 of the CRYBB1 gene in all of the patients. The mutation has resulted in a p.S129R transversion. The same mutation was not found in the fetus of the proband, who was confirmed to be healthy by one-year follow-up.

CONCLUSION:

A missense mutation p.S129R of the CRYBB1 gene probably underlies the autosomal dominant congenital nuclear cataract in this pedigree. Detection of the mutation also facilitated prenatal genetic testing for the family.

PMID:
23744311
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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