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Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2013 May;17(10):1345-50.

Relaxin promotes in vitro tumour growth, invasion and angiogenesis of human Saos-2 osteosarcoma cells by AKT/VEGF pathway.

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  • 1Department of Spine, the Affiliated Hospital of Medical College, Qingdao University, China. Qyfymjf@126.com



In the present study, we determine the role of relaxin on cellular growth, invasion and angiogenesis of osteosarcoma Saos-2 cells in vitro, and discuss the molecular mechanisms of this action.


Saos-2 cells were transfected with Akt1/2 siRNA or VEGF siRNA for 24 hours then treated with 10-100 ng/mL recombinant human relaxin-2 (rh-RLN) for 48 h. MTT, matrigel and bone marrow-derived endothelial cells (BMDECs) was used for cell proliferation, invasion and angiogenesis assay. Western blot was used for relaxin-2, pAKT and VEGF protein assay.


The results showed treatment with 10-100 ng/mL rh-RLN resulted in 18%, 48%, 107%, 212% increase in cell proliferation, respectively (vs control, *p < 0.05;**p < 0.01), the relative invasive cells was 1.4;1.9;2.6;4.8 (control was defined to 1) (vs control, #p < 0.01; ##p < 0.001) and the relative anglogenic branch points in Saos-2 cells was 1.04;1.36;1.69;2.10 (control was defined to 1.00) (vs control, *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01). Furthermore, treatment with rh-RLN exhibited a significant increase in the expression level of pAKT and VEGF proterin in dose-dependent manner. Saos-2 cells were transfected with AKT1/2 siRNA for 24 h. No significant increase of VEGF protein expression was shown after rh-RLN treatment.


These results suggested that rh-RLN could promoted proliferation, invasion and angiogenesis by upregulation pAKT-dependent VEGF expression.

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