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Thorax. 2013 Sep;68(9):803-11. doi: 10.1136/thoraxjnl-2012-202741. Epub 2013 Jun 5.

Expression of vascular remodelling markers in relation to bradykinin receptors in asthma and COPD.

Author information

  • 1Division of Respiratory Disease, Department of Clinical and Biological Sciences, A.O.U. San Luigi Hospital, University of Torino, Orbassano, Torino, Italy. fabioluigimassimo.ricciardolo@unito.it

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Vascular remodelling plays a central role in asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Bradykinin (BK) is a vasoactive proinflammatory peptide mediating acute responses in asthma. We investigated the role of angiogenic factors in relation to BK receptors in asthma and COPD.

METHODS:

Bronchial biopsies from 33 patients with COPD, 24 old (≥50 years) patients with (≥50 years) asthma, 18 old control smokers, 11 old control non-smokers, 15 young (≤40yrs) patients with (≤40 years) asthma and 10 young control non-smokers were immunostained for CD31, vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A), angiogenin and BK receptors (B2R and B1R). Fibroblast and endothelial co-localisation of relevant molecules were performed by immunofluorescence. BK-induced VEGF-A and angiogenin release was studied (ELISA) in bronchial fibroblasts from subjects with asthma and COPD.

RESULTS:

In bronchial lamina propria of old patients with asthma, CD31 and VEGF-A(+) cell numbers were higher than old control non-smokers (p<0.05). Angiogenin(+), B2R(+) and B1R(+) cell numbers in old patients with asthma were higher than in old control non-smokers, control smokers and patients with COPD (p<0.01). Angiogenin(+) cell numbers were higher in patients with COPD than both old control groups (p<0.05). In all patients with asthma the number of B2R(+) cells was positively related to the numbers of B1R(+) (rs=0.43), angiogenin(+) (rs=0.42) and CD31 cells (rs=0.46) (p<0.01). Angiogenin(+) cell numbers were negatively related to forced expiratory volume in 1 s (rs=-0.415, p=0.008). Double immunofluorescence revealed that CD31 cells of capillary vessels coexpressed B2R and that fibroblasts coexpressed B2R, VEGF-A and angiogenin. BK (10(-6)M) induced significant angiogenin release in fibroblasts from asthma and to a lesser extent in COPD.

CONCLUSIONS:

Unlike COPD, this study suggests the involvement of BK receptors in bronchial vascular remodelling in asthma.

KEYWORDS:

Asthma Mechanisms; COPD Pathology

PMID:
23739138
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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