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Drug Test Anal. 2014 Mar;6(3):268-76. doi: 10.1002/dta.1473. Epub 2013 Jun 4.

Detection of myo-inositol tris pyrophosphate (ITPP) in equine following an administration of ITPP.

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  • 1Maxxam Analytics Inc., 8577 Commerce Court, Burnaby, BC, V5A 4N5, Canada.


Myo-Inositol tris pyrophosphate (ITPP) is a powerful allosteric modulator of haemoglobin that increases oxygen-releasing capacity of red blood cells. It is capable of crossing the red blood cell membrane unlike its open polyphosphate analog myo-inositol hexakisphosphate (IHP). Systemic administration of ITPP enhanced the exercise capacity in mice. There have been rumours of its abuse in the horse racing industry to enhance the performance of racing horses. In this paper, the detection of ITPP in equine plasma and urine after an administration of ITPP is reported. A Standardbred mare was administered 200 mg of ITPP intravenously. Urine and plasma samples were collected up to 120 h post administration and analyzed for ITPP by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. ITPP was detected in post administration plasma samples up to 6 hours. The peak concentration was detected at 5 min post administration. In urine, ITPP was detected up to 24 h post administration. The peak concentration was detected at 1.5 h post administration.

Copyright © Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada 2013.


HILIC; HPLC-MS-MS; ITPP; equine; intravenous administration; plasma; urine

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