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J Am Chem Soc. 2013 Jun 19;135(24):8806-9. doi: 10.1021/ja403580j. Epub 2013 Jun 6.

Microporous aluminophosphate nanosheets and their nanomorphic zeolite analogues tailored by hierarchical structure-directing amines.

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  • 1Center for Nanomaterials and Chemical Reactions, Institute for Basic Science, Daejeon 305-701, Republic of Korea.


Multiamines with amphiphilic structures have been synthesized to serve as simultaneous structure-directing agents in micro- and meso-structural levels for aluminophosphate materials (AlPOs) and their analogues, such as silicoaluminophosphate, cobalt aluminophosphate, and gallium phosphate. The amine molecules are assembled into a micelle with a specific morphology to function as a meso-level structure director. Individual amine groups in the micelle are able to direct the formation of microporous crystalline AlPO structure. The resultant meso-level morphologies of the AlPOs are typically nanosheets of uniform thickness, which can be tailored in the range of 2-5 nm by the number of amine groups. Sponge-like disordered mesoporous morphologies can be generated, depending on the amine structures. Using such multiamines provides a versatile route to various phosphate materials with a structural hierarchy for enhanced porous functionalities.

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